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Weekly Q&As

Owners' Association Disclosure Form and sales of vacant land

Release Date: 02/07/2017

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QUESTION: An agent in my firm and I have had a friendly disagreement about whether agents are required to use the Owners' Association and Condominium Resale Statement Addendum (Standard Form 2A12-T) every time we complete contract documents relating to the sale of vacant land. My friend says that, if you read the "Note" at the top of the form, it confirms that the form should be used whenever the Residential Property and Owner's Association Disclosure Statement is not required. My belief is that the form is not required unless the land is in a planned community that is subject to regulation by an owners' association. Which one of us is correct?  

ANSWER:  You are.

The disclosures in Form 2A12-T are very similar to disclosures that were added to the Residential Property and Owners' Association Disclosure Statement (the "RPDS") several years ago. Because of that similarity, and to avoid duplication of effort, a Note was added to Form 2A12-T to confirm that where a RPDS has already been completed, completion of Form 2A12-T is not required.

Since the modification of the RPDS, the purpose of Form 2A12-T is to provide a means for sellers to make disclosures and representations to buyers regarding any owners' associations to which the property is subject, in those circumstances when a RPDS is not required. One of those circumstances is the sale of vacant land; the disclosures mandated by Chapter 47E are only triggered when there is a transfer of "residential real property".

Clearly, not all sales of vacant land involve property that is subject to regulation by an owners' association. Where the land being sold is not subject to such regulation, Form 2A12-T would serve no purpose. In those circumstances, use of the form is not required.


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